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National Day of the People's Republic of China 
National Day of the People's Republic of China 

National Day of China

The National Day of the People’s Republic of China is a public holiday in the People’s Republic of China to celebrate the national day, and is celebrated annually on October 1. 

The PRC was founded on September 21, 1949, with a ceremony celebrating the forming of the Central People’s Government taking place in Tiananmen Square on October 1 that year. The Central People’s Government passed the Resolution on the National Day of the People’s Republic of China on December 2, 1949, and declared that October 1 is the National Day. 

The National Day marks the start of only one of the Golden Weeks in the PRC. However, there have been some recent controversiesover whether Golden Weeks should be kept.

The National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau with a variety of government-organized festivities, including fireworks and concerts. Public places, such as Tiananmen Square in Beijing, are decorated in a festive theme. Portraits of revered leaders, such as Mao Zedong, are publicly displayed.

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History of the People’s Republic of China

The history of the People’s Republic of China details the history of mainland China since October 1, 1949, when, after a near complete victory by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the Chinese Civil War, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from atop Tiananmen. The PRC has for several decades been synonymous with China, but it is only the most recent political entity to govern mainland China, preceded by the Republic of China (ROC) and thousands of years of imperial dynasties.

60th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China

The 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China took place on 1 October 2009.A military parade involving 10,000 troops and the display of many high-tech weapons was held in Tiananmen Square in Beijing and various celebrations were conducted all over the country. Hu Jintao inspected the troops along Chang’an Avenue in Beijing. This parade was immediately followed by a civilian parade involving 100,000 participants.

Background 

The 60th Anniversary Military Parade took place on Chang’an Avenue, beneath Tiananmen.

The People’s Republic of China was founded on 1 October 1949. Since then, celebrations of varying scales occur on National Day each year. Military parades, presided over by Chairman Mao Zedong, were held every year between 1949 and 1959. In September 1960, the Chinese leadership decided that in order to save funds and “be frugal”, large-scale ceremonies for National Day would only be held every ten years, with a smaller-scale ceremony every five years.[2] The last large-scale celebration during the Mao era was in 1969. Large-scale celebrations did not take place for 14 years amidst the climax of the Cultural Revolution.[2] Since then, the most prominent National Day celebrations have taken place in 1984 and 1999, at the 35th and 50th anniversaries respectively. During these celebrations, then-paramount leader Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin reviewed military parades of the People’s Liberation Army. The 2009 parade was the first and last time Hu Jintao oversaw this task, as he will leave office in 2012 due to term limits.

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